At the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) a joint session was hosted by WCRP, IPCC, and Future Earth to discuss risks and consequences of breaching 1.5oC warming, and possible transformation pathways that can guide decision-makers and stakeholders. Five priority actions and/or challenges for our research community regarding the transition to a low carbon society and limiting warming to well below 2oC were identified:

Emerging climate risks