Contact:  Martin Claussen (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

A spectrum of models of various complexity is used in modelling the natural Earth system. Depending on the nature of questions asked and the pertinent time scales, there are, on the one extreme, conceptual, more inductive models, and, on the other extreme, three-dimensional comprehensive models operating at the highest spatial and temporal resolution currently feasible. Models of intermediate complexity bridge the gap. The EMIC network is supported by GAIM (Global Analysis Integration and Modelling), an IGBP (International Geosphere-Biosphere Program) task force and by the participating institutes 

The EMIC community meets once or twice a year at EMIC workshop to intercompare EMICs and to explore scientific problems in cooperation.


  • Table of EMICs (report on with an comprehensive list of references on EMIC publications)
  • Claussen, M., L.A. Mysak, A.J. Weaver, M. Crucifix, T. Fichefet, M.-F. Loutre, S.L. Weber, J. Alcamo, V.A. Alexeev, A. Berger, R. Calov, A. Ganopolski, H. Goosse, G. Lohmann, F. Lunkeit, I.I. Mokhov, V. Petoukhov, P. Stone, and Z. Wang, 2002: Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity: Closing the Gap in the Spectrum of Climate System Models. Climate Dyn., 18, 579-586.